High Altitude Medicine and Physiology 5E by John B. West, Robert B. Schoene, Andrew M. Luks, James S.

By John B. West, Robert B. Schoene, Andrew M. Luks, James S. Milledge

A entire replace to this preeminent and obtainable textual content, this 5th version of a bestseller was once constructed as a reaction to man's makes an attempt to climb unaided to raised altitudes and to spend extra time in those stipulations for either paintings and sport. It describes the ever-expanding demanding situations that medical professionals face in facing the adjustments in human body structure and specific health conditions that come up from publicity to altitude and cold.

The hugely revered authors of this 5th variation are across the world famous for his or her educational learn within the box, and are all skilled hiking physicians who've handled ailment and injuries in excessive areas. They proceed to supply a textual content that would support physicians to enhance the well-being and security of every body who stopover at, reside, or paintings in chilly and skinny air stipulations skilled in excessive mountains.

High Altitude drugs and Physiology is worthy for any medical professional accompanying an excursion or advising sufferers on a trip to excessive altitudes, physicians focusing on disease and injuries in excessive locations, and physiologists who learn our dependence on oxygen and the difference of the physique to altitude.

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Sample text

However, most of these hazards of the environment can be avoided by proper clothing or shelter. Only hypoxia is unavoidable unless, of course, supplementary oxygen is available. 2 Barometric pressure and altitude 17 in itself has no physiological sequelae unless the decompression is rapid, for example in the case of the explosive decompression that occurs when a window fails in a pressurized aircraft. Rapid decompression causes so-called barotrauma as a result of the very rapid enlargement of airspaces within the body including the lungs and middle ear cavity.

From 5000 to 6000 m the change is 4%, from 6000 to 8000 m the change is about 5%, and above 8000 m it is 6–7%. Of course, if the altimeter also measures and reads pressure, the best solution is to relate this to altitude using the model atmosphere equation. 4 Variation of barometric pressure with latitude The limited applicability of the standard atmosphere is further clarified when we look at the relationship between barometric pressure and altitude for different latitudes (Fig. 1). This shows that the barometric pressure at the earth’s surface and at an altitude of 24 km is essentially independent of latitude.

In North America, Alaska and the Yukon a number of peaks of 6000 m lie within the Arctic Circle. Temperatures of −30°C at 5500–6000 m have been recorded, with gale force winds, in the winter (Mills 1973b). indb 33 Bernese Oberland, Switzerland (Leuthold et al.

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