Hebrew Scripture in Patristic Biblical Theory: Canon, by Edmon Louis Gallagher

By Edmon Louis Gallagher

The prestige of the Christian outdated testomony as initially Hebrew scripture had definite theoretical implications for plenty of early Christians. whereas they established their exegesis on Greek translations and regarded the LXX encouraged in its personal correct, the Fathers did recognize the Hebrew origins in their previous testomony and in many ways outlined their Bible consequently. Hebrew scripture exerted its effect on patristic biblical concept particularly in regard to problems with the canon, language, and textual content of the Bible. for plenty of Fathers, simply files considered initially composed in Hebrew will be thought of canonical, the Hebrew language used to be thought of the primordial language for that reason restrained to Israel, and the LXX, because the such a lot trustworthy translation, corresponded accurately to the Hebrew textual content.

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Additional resources for Hebrew Scripture in Patristic Biblical Theory: Canon, Language, Text

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1) and Ellis (citing Comm. ser. Matt. 28) both trace the three categories back to Origen. See J. Ruwet, “Les ‘Antilegomena’ dans les œuvres d’Origène: les antilegomena de l’ Ancien Testament,” Bib 24 (1943): 18–58 (21–42); and Ellis, Old Testament, 17–18. Ellis (op. ) argues for seeing an ecclesiastical category implicit also in Josephus and the Rabbis (17–18), as well as Cyril of Jerusalem (20–21), Epiphanius (22 n. 69; 23), and Augustine (29). 59 I cite the critical Greek text of Elia D. Moutsoula, “Τὸ ‘Περὶ µέτρων καὶ σταθµῶν’ ἔργον ᾽Επιφανίου τοῦ Σαλαµῖνος,” Theologia 44 (1973): 157–200.

Cornely in 1894. 87 Ruwet, “Duo Textus,” 59; Harl, Philocalie, 265–266; Ellis, Old Testament, 17. 88 Cf. Ep. Afr.

22:28—“Do not remove the ancient landmark that your ancestors set up” (§8). Tertullian would certainly agree. 70 Nicholas de Lange holds a different view of this section. The contrasting positions of Dorival and de Lange revolve around the question regarding which of Africanus’ arguments Origen refutes first. 71 In this view, Origen’s survey of the disagreements between the Hebrew and the Greek (§ 3–9) is intended to indicate the seriousness of requiring the Church’s Bible to match the Hebrew. Following this, argues de Lange, Origen focuses on Susanna but is still treating the question of a Hebrew original (§ 10–15).

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