Great thinkers A-Z by Julian Baggini

By Julian Baggini

Great Thinkers, A-Z brings jointly a hundred brief, obtainable snapshots of the folk who've formed Western notion from the traditional Greeks to at the present time. The snapshots, written by means of the world's best specialists, describe a tremendous thinker's existence and paintings with feedback for extra interpreting on each. overlaying philosophers in addition to cultural and clinical thinkers-such as Foucault, Darwin, Einstein and Freud-who have had an important effect on philosophy, nice Thinkers, A-Z is the proper publication for a person attracted to the heritage of rules and in modern suggestion.

Entries contain: Adorno, Arendt, Aquinas, Aristotle, Augustine, Avicenna, Ayer, Bacon, Baudrillard, de Beauvoir, Benjamin, Bentham, Bergson, Berkeley, Boethius, Brentano, Butler, Camus, Carnap, Chomsky, Churchland, Cixous, Collingwood, Comte, Craik, Croce, Darwin, Davidson, Deleuze, Dennett, Descartes, Derrida, Dewey, Dilthey, Duns Scotus, Einstein, Foucault, Frege, Freud, Gadamer, Godel, Habermas, Hayek, Hegel, Heidegger, Hobbes, Hume, Husserl, Irigaray, James, Kant, Kierkegaard, Kripke, Kristeva, Kuhn, Leibniz, Levinas, Lewis, Locke, Machiavelli, MacIntyre, Marx, Macmurray, Merleau-Ponty, Mill, Montaigne, Moore, Nagel, Negri, Nietzsche, Nozick, Nussbaum, Paine, Pascal, Peirce, Plato, Plotinus, Popper, Putnam, Pythagoras, Quine, Rawls, Rorty, Rousseau, Russell, Santayana, Sartre, Schopenhauer, Searle, Seneca, Sidgwick, Singer, Socrates, Spinoza, Taylor, Turing, Vico, Weil, Whitehead, Wittgenstein, Zeno

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Jeremy Bentham 43 Siggested readomg Benjamin, W. 1999. The Arcades Project. : Harvard University Press. Benjamin, W. 1985 [1969). Illuminations. New York: Schocken Books. Smith, G. ). Benjamin: Philosophy, Aesthetics, History. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Jeremy Bentham 1748-1832 Bart SchuItz Jeremy Bentham was the greatest of the classical utilitarians and one of the strangest men who ever lived. This champion of the greatest happiness of the greatest number insisted that after his death he be dissected, preserved and displayed, to serve the cause of reason both by supporting medical dissection and by leaving his 'Auto-Icon' as an inspirational relic.

Do individuals assume other individuals are mere objects in their world? Ultimately, each individual must realise that an existence that is limited to itself cannot find meaning; freedom is realized in relation with others. Moreover, it is with the same movement that one recognizes one's own freedom and tries to free others. ' While the novel details the individual other and the Ethics of Ambiguity demonstrates the method of existentialist ethics binding humans together through freedom, The Second Sex discusses the social Other in relationships of oppression.

Brown, P. 2000. Augustine of Hippo (revised edition). Berkeley: University of California Press. Lancel, S. 2002. St. Augustine. London: SCM Press. Avicenna 980-1037 Sajjad Rizvi Abu 'Ali Husayn ibn Sina, better known in Europe as Avicenna, is arguably the most influential philosopher of the pre-modern era. Born near Bukhara in Central Asia, he is best known as a physician whose major work the Canon continued to be taught as a medical textbook in Europe and in the Islamic world until the early modern period, and as a philosopher whose major work the Cure had a decisive impact upon European scholasticism.

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