Global Harms: Ecological Crime and Speciesism by Ragnhild Aslaug Sollund

By Ragnhild Aslaug Sollund

The fields of environmental crime and speciesism are of accelerating curiosity to social scientists. within the current e-book, new articles in line with empirical examples make clear how the exploitation of nature and animals ensue in addition to exploring its assets and effects. Empirical facts is drawn from South East Asia in addition to Africa, united kingdom, US and Scandinavia and may convey that youngsters are socialised into speciesist attitudes within the college procedure, how unlawful logging and wild lifestyles alternate damages the environment, how consumerism ends up in environmental damage, how commercial farming could be understood within the Marxist time period of alienation, as may possibly speciesism, and the way even the animal safety stream itself could be associated with rules of people' superiority, as far as 'green' events don't reflect on animals as participants.

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Sample text

Before Gray, Lynn Berat (1993) argued for an international crime ―geocide‖, which she defined as a violation of a right to a healthy environment through intentional species destruction. Despite the existence of these publications and the increasing attention raised about environmental degradation, ecological destruction and increasing numbers of animals being threatened with extinction, illegal or harmful ecological destruction such as tropical deforestation is not an established area of study among professionals, academics and law enforcers.

Although the concept may seem radical, Gray argues ecocide is, in fact, derivable from principles of international law. Ecocide can be established on the basis of two fundamental human rights: the right to life and the right to health. Crucial to the concept of ecocide are the element of ecological damage and waste, which could elevate it from a mere international delict to an international crime (Gray 1996: 217-222). Before Gray, Lynn Berat (1993) argued for an international crime ―geocide‖, which she defined as a violation of a right to a healthy environment through intentional species destruction.

My aim is to explore the harmful, often criminal, sometimes fatal consequences that attend the supply of consumer goods in contemporary capitalist societies. At the same time, I note that a focus on social harm begs some very fundamental questions about criminology as an academic discipline – or ‗field‘ of study. When a cradle-to-grave assessment of consumer goods is undertaken it reveals that many personal and environmental degradations are nothing more than the ordinary means by which objects are produced, distributed and discarded in contemporary societies.

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