German incertitudes, 1914-1945 : the stones and the by Klemens von Klemperer
By Klemens von Klemperer
The background of recent Germany has all too conveniently been obvious when it comes to an ancient procedure that necessarily ended in the horrors of nationwide Socialism. As there are not any certitudes in lifestyles, even though, so there are none in German historical past. during this publication, historian Klemens von Klemperer specializes in what he phrases the German Incertitudes--namely, the tensions among a practical recognition of disenchantment with the trendy global, and an insistence upon reenchantment. Exploring this stress via a serious review of the information and writings of significant German thinkers, von Klemperer seeks to account for either the achievements and the issues of German inspiration, society, and politics as responses to the problem of modernity within the first half the 20 th century.
In addition to members corresponding to Nietzsche, Weber, Spengler, Jünger, Bonhoeffer, and Heidegger, the writer considers broader events and concepts resembling the concept that of Gemeinschaft and the German expressionists, all within the wider context of Western highbrow currents, instead of belaboring presumed German deviance from the ecu norms, von Klemperer explores the explanations why the experience of quandary within the face of modernity used to be singularly acute between Germans, he strains a spectrum of reactions extending from an recognition of recent disenchantment to the search for reenchantment which discovered an severe manifestation in nationwide Socialism.
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Estimates for the years 1966 and 1968 speak of 45–50, respectively 45 languages, and 20–30, respectively 8 million sales; Michael Gollbach, Die Wiederkehr des Weltkrieges in der Literatur. , 1978), 42. 40. “Tendenzwandel,” see Heinrich von Gleichen, “Tendenzwandel in der Literatur,” Die Standarte (1929), 541, quoted in Hans-Harald Mu¨ ller, Der Krieg und die Schriftsteller. Der Kriegsroman der Weimarer Republik (Stuttgart, 1986), 299. 41. , 299. 42. “Krisenlo¨ sung,” “Krisenlo¨ sung”; Karl Pru¨ mm, “Das Erbe der Front.
They chose heroizing over debunking, and thus the war became a perfect “crisis solution”42 for them. The nationalistic war literature thus became a vehicle for a frantic reenchantment. 44 NOTES 1. Rupert Brooke, 1914 and Other Poems (London, 1919), 13. 2. , 36ff. 3. Franz Marc, Briefe aus dem Feld (Berlin, 1948), 60. 4. Carl Zuckmayer, Als wa¨ r’s ein Stu¨ ck von mir. Horen der Freundschaft (Vienna, 1966), 193, 197. The belief of the general public’s elation over the outbreak of the war has recently been challenged by a number of historians, in particular Jeffrey Verhey, Der “Geist von 1914” und die Erfindung der Volksgemeinschaft (Hamburg, 2000).
The Great War and the Birth of the Modern Age (New York, 1990). 10. Friedrich Nietzsche, The Will to Power, Ed. Walter Kaufmann (New York, 1968), 572; also quoted in Bradbury and McFarlane, Modernism, 25. 11. , The Diaries of Paul Klee 1898–1918 (Berkeley, Los Angeles, 1964), 313. 12. Robert Graves, “Big Words,” Over the Brazier (London, 1916), 27. 13. For Graves and Sassoon see especially Samuel Hynes, A War Imagined. The First World War and English Culture (New York, 1991), 153–159. 14. Siegfried Sassoon, “The Hero” (originally printed in Cambridge Magazine, vol.