Gadgets and Gigawatts Policies for Energy Efficient by Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD)

By Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD)

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While the idea of using a single policy instrument, in this case the price mechanism, is very attractive, it will not overcome many of the barriers that exist in appliance markets. The reasons for this are as follows. The impact on prices is likely to be small. 1 A subsequent review of the impact of the ETS in Germany and the Netherlands found that residential prices rose during 2005 and 2006 by approximately these amounts, although these may be attributable to a range of factors including the ETS (ECN, 2008).

Personal commitments/pledges: Environmental NGOs have tended to use the concept of personal pledges by their membership to increase sales of energy efficiency products and demonstrate that there is latent demand for the most efficient products. Notable examples include commitments to purchasing CFLs, and the most efficient residential appliances. Promotional activities Awards and competitions: Many programmes offer annual awards for product supply companies and major end-users as a reward for high levels of achievements in energy efficiency.

Loans and tax rebates are likely to work more effectively when directed towards the manufacturers. Removing consumption taxes for energy efficient goods is another means to lower capital costs. Tradable energy or greenhouse gas savings schemes: Several governments have now established tradable greenhouse gas or energy saving certificates (also called white certificates) as an 46 Gadgets and Gigawatts • Policies for energy efficient electronics © OECD/IEA, 2009 Other programme types adjunct to energy or greenhouse gas obligations on utilities, creating a market where these certificates are traded amongst utilities and third parties.

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