Frontiers of Engineering: Reports on Leading-Edge by National Academy of Engineering

By National Academy of Engineering

This quantity highlights the papers offered on the nationwide Academy of Engineering's 2010 U.S. Frontiers of Engineering Symposium. each year, the symposium brings jointly a hundred awesome younger leaders in engineering to proportion their state of the art learn and technical paintings. The 2010 symposium was once held September 23 - 25, and hosted via IBM on the IBM studying heart in Armonk, big apple. audio system have been requested to arrange prolonged summaries in their displays, that are reprinted the following. The purpose of this ebook is to show the buzz of this targeted assembly and to focus on state of the art advancements in engineering examine and technical work.

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Differences between clouds and traditional platforms Although there are many commonalities between traditional in-house/localexecution platforms and clouds, there are also characteristics and challenges that are either unique or more pronounced in clouds. Some short-term differences that will disappear when cloud computing matures are discussed below. Statelessness and Server Failures Because one of the major benefits of cloud computing is lower cost, cloud service providers are likely to use cost-effective hardware/software that is also less robust and less reliable than people would purchase for in-house/local platforms.

At the same time, several studies have postulated the potential end of DRAM scaling (or at least a significant slowing down) over the next decade, which further increases the likelihood that DRAM will be replaced by NVRAM memories in future systems. Inventing the Future— Cross-Disciplinary Holistic System Design We believe that the confluence of all these trends—the march toward e­ xascale computing and its associated challenges, opportunities related to emerging large-scale distributed data-centric workloads, and potential disruptions from emerging advances in technology—offers us a unique opportunity to rethink traditional system design.

From the very beginning, engineering and technology have strongly influenced the development of music and musical instruments. The power and potential of this relationship is exemplified in the work of great multidisciplinary thinkers, such as Leonardo Da Vinci, Benjamin Franklin, and Alexander Graham Bell, whose innovations were inspired by their passions for both fields. In the past decade, there has been a revolution in music—including the aggregation of enormous digital music libraries, the use of portable digital devices to listen to music, and the growing ease of digital distribution.

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