Francisca de los Apóstoles: the inquisition of Francisca : a by Ahlgren, Gillian T. W.; Francisca de los Apóstoles.,

By Ahlgren, Gillian T. W.; Francisca de los Apóstoles., Francisca de los Apóstoles, Francisca, de los Apóstoles.; Francisca, de los Apóstoles, 1539?

Inspired through a sequence of visions, Francisca de los Apóstoles (1539-after 1578) and her sister Isabella tried in 1573 to arrange a beaterio, a lay group of pious girls dedicated to the non secular existence, to supply prayers and penance for the reparation of human sin, in particular these of corrupt clerics. yet their efforts to minister to the negative of Toledo and to name for normal ecclesiastical reform have been met with resistance, first from neighborhood non secular officers and, later, from the Spanish Inquisition. through early 1575, the Inquisitional tribunal in Toledo had got numerous statements denouncing Francisca from a few of the very ladies she had attempted to aid, in addition to from a few of her monetary and non secular sponsors. Francisca used to be finally arrested, imprisoned by way of the Inquisition, and investigated for spiritual fraud.

This publication comprises what little is understood approximately Francisca—the a number of letters she wrote in addition to the transcript of her trial—and bargains sleek readers a point of view at the distinct function and standing of non secular ladies in sixteenth-century Spain. Chronicling the drama of Francisca's interrogation and her lively yet finally unsuccessful safeguard, The Inquisition of Francisca—transcribed from greater than 300 folios and released for the 1st time in any language—will be a priceless source for either experts and scholars of the historical past and faith of Spain within the 16th century.

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The vicar’s concern over the public scandal of the matter moved Valdés to faster action. ” Valdés felt that the danger of public scandal was much greater if there were questions of heterodoxy involved, so he asked the vicar to suspend his investigation until he received the theologians’ report. 47 The Supreme Council responded on September 27, 1575. They considered the matter to be a priority and urged Valdés to proceed individually with the prosecutions of Francisca, Isabel, and Miguel Ruíz. 48 On September 46.

Giles, ed. Robert Boenig (Burlington, VT: Ashgate, 2000), 141–58. 1 2 Volume Editor’s Introduction community for women without dowries and another for the priests who would minister to them. Their reform efforts contained some pointed criticisms of the contemporary state of the Toledan church, which at that point had been managed by a governor and his council for sixteen years during the absence of its archbishop, Bartolomé de Carranza. Francisca’s apocalyptic visions foretelling the return of Carranza from his imprisonment in Rome and her poignantly articulated concern for the state of the disadvantaged in light of the suspension of many of Carranza’s initiatives toward poor relief in the archdiocese alternately struck chords of sympathy in some and fear or defensiveness in others.

Surtz, The Guitar of God: Gender, Power, and Authority in the Visionary World of Mother Juana de la Cruz (1481–1534) (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1990). 6. For a discussion of Mari Diaz’s career, see Jodi Bilinkoff, Avila of Saint Teresa: Religious Reform in a Sixteenth-Century City (Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1989), and Baldomero Jiménez Duque, Maridiaz: La “santa de Avila” en el siglo XVI (Avila: Tau, 1989). 7. For a discussion of Teresa’s associations with Luisa de la Cerda and other notable women, see Alison Weber, “Saint Teresa’s Problematic Patrons,” Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies 29 (1999): 357–78.

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