Evidence-based Orthopedics (Evidence-Based Medicine) by Mohit Bhandari

By Mohit Bhandari

Surgical orthopedic systems corresponding to hip replacements, arthroscopy or knee replacements are surrounded by way of pre- and post-operative issues, and there are various varied tools for the tactics themselves. This publication, for the 1st time, brings jointly the easiest proof for remedies in addition to any problems. not just does it conceal the facts base for orthopedic surgical procedure, but in addition orthopedic stipulations requiring clinical remedy, and pediatric orthopedics. utilizing the authorized EBM method, and edited by means of academics of evidence-based medication, this can be a actual EBM textbook for all orthopedic experts and trainees.

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Extra resources for Evidence-based Orthopedics (Evidence-Based Medicine)

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Evidence-based orthopedics promotes the need to evaluate the evidence available in the medical literature from published research and integrate it into clinical practice. 3 The importance of evidence-based orthopedics To fully appreciate the principles of evidence-based orthopedics, it is helpful to have an understanding of the importance and value of this approach. 4 To that end, the clinician’s own experiences and training are important assets. 5 As such, it is important for the clinician to evaluate and incorporate this evidence into his or her own reasoning and judgment when considering the best approach to patient care.

A likelihood ratio indicates the degree to which a specific diagnostic test result will increase or decrease the pretest probability of the target disorder. In other words, it is a ratio of two likelihoods: (1) how likely is it that patients with the condition will have positive test results? and (2) how often is the same test result is found among people in which a condition was suspected but has been ruled out? In general, if the likelihood ratio is greater than 1, there is an increased probability that the target disorder is present, while likelihood ratios of less than 1 decrease this probability.

The evidence cycle With the key principles of evidence-based orthopedics having been presented, a general clinical approach that employs these principles can be shown. 4 1. Assess: The first step for the clinician is to thoroughly understand the patient and his or her problem. 2. Ask: With the patient’s problem in mind, the clinician must next formulate a research question that seeks a solution to the problem and lays the foundation for a search of the literature. 3. Acquire: This step involves obtaining evidence from databases.

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