Evaluation of Chemical Events at Army Chemical Agent by National Research Council, Division on Engineering and

By National Research Council, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences, Board on Army Science and Technology, Committee on Evaluation of Chemical Events at Army Chemical Agent Disposal Facilities

For over a decade the military has been engaging in a software aimed toward the destruction of gathered chemical guns saved at numerous websites. whereas destruction through incineration has been winning, a number of incidents -- referred to as chemical occasions -- happened throughout the disposal technique or decontamination actions that raised a few public matters in regards to the protection of operations of 3 3rd iteration incineration amenities. for that reason, the Congress requested the NRC to enquire no matter if the incidents offer details worthy to aid determine secure operation of the longer term websites. This publication provides an research of reasons of and responses to prior chemical occasions, implications of such occasions for ongoing and destiny demilitarization actions, and suggestions for getting ready for destiny occasions.

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To date, the Army’s attempts to develop and demonstrate such a realtime system have not been successful (NRC, 1999b, 2001a). New interest in chemical agent detection as a key component of antiterrorism activities has spurred government and commercial activities focused on developing better sensors for airborne agent (IOM, 1999). The NRC has also urged the Army to continue to monitor technological advances in trace gas detection and to consider implementing any that are appropriate for monitoring agent in chemical munitions disposal facilities (NRC, 1999b).

Army, 1995), whether or not chemical agent was actually present. S. Army, 1995; see Chapter 1) were too broad for the tasks assigned to it. 1 The following definition was developed by the committee and used for the selection process: • 1The committee’s purpose in reclassifying chemical events was solely to assist in selecting the events that it would review, and not to “secondguess” the Army’s classification system. 17 The Army Program Manager for Chemical Demilitarization (PMCD) provided a written list of 81 events (Appendix B) that occurred after operations began at Johnston Atoll Chemical Agent Disposal System (JACADS) and at Tooele Chemical Agent 18 EVALUATION OF CHEMICAL EVENTS AT ARMY CHEMICAL AGENT DISPOSAL FACILITIES • • • • • • • Disposal Facility (TOCDF), as well as detailed investigation reports on several of the incidents.

2-Jan-93 JACADS (Unusual Occurrence) Explosive containment room (ECR)-A During M60 105-mm projectile processing within the ECR a fire occurred along the miscellaneous parts conveyor. Fire was contained within the ECR. Changes made to the equipment and increased frequency of ECR cleanup of residual explosives. 17-Mar-93 JACADS (Chemical Event) Munitions demilitarization building (MDB) Ratheon Engineering and Constructors worker potentially exposed to mustard agent (HD). Worker developed blister(s) on leg after handling HD-contaminated waste materials.

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