Energy Policies of Iea Countries: Japan Review 2003 (Energy by Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development

By Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development

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A Joint Implementation project was launched in Kazakhstan, which should bring an annual reduction of 62 000 tCO2, and more projects of this kind are being sought, including under the Clean Development Mechanism. Although they are not legally bound to achieving emission objectives under Japan’s domestic policy, a number of private Japanese companies are actively engaged in the Kyoto mechanisms, including via the World Bank’s Prototype Carbon Fund10. 8. According to the Platts, UDI Products Group's (UDI) database, Japan’s coal-based capacity amounts to more than 50 GW, with about 4 GW of capacity in operation for more than 35 years.

Other transport sector measures are vehicle taxation, promotion of alternative fuels, promotion of public transport and traffic management. The Japanese government is carrying out an Action Plan on Promoting LowPollution Vehicles. By 2010, this plan aims to deploy 10 million low-pollution vehicles (natural gas and electric vehicles, hybrid vehicles and vehicles that meet certain fuel efficiency and exhaust gas standards). The plan foresees that the government sector will set the example by replacing all its official vehicles (about 7 000) between 2002 and 2005, and by inviting local governments to follow.

35 Figure 7 CO2 Emissions by Sector*, 1973 to 2001 1200 Other 1000 Residential 800 Transport Manuf. ind. and construction Million tonnes of CO2 600 400 Other energy industries 200 Public elec. and heat 0 1973 1975 1977 1979 1981 1983 1985 1987 1989 1991 1993 1995 1997 1999 2001 * estimated using the IPCC Sectoral Approach. Source: CO2 Emissions from Fuel Combustion, IEA/OECD Paris, 2003. 1 1973 1975 1977 1979 1981 1983 1985 1987 1989 1991 1993 1995 1997 1999 2001 Sources: Energy Balances of OECD Countries, IEA/OECD Paris, 2003; and National Accounts of OECD Countries, OECD Paris, 2003.

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