Energy Basis for Man and Nature by Howard T. Odum
By Howard T. Odum
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Extra info for Energy Basis for Man and Nature
Et al. Polymer solar cells with enhanced fill factors. html#supplementary-information (2013). 18. Dibb, G. F. , Durrant, J. R. & Nelson, J. Analysis of the Relationship between Linearity of Corrected Photocurrent and the Order of Recombination in Organic Solar Cells. 1021/ jz201104d (2011). 19. Mihailetchi, V. , Xie, H. , Koster, L. J. A. & Blom, P. W. M. Charge Transport and Photocurrent Generation in Poly(3-hexylthiophene): Methanofullerene BulkHeterojunction Solar Cells. 200500420 (2006). 20.
Koster, L. J. A. & Blom, P. W. M. Quantifying Bimolecular Recombination in Organic Solar Cells in Steady State. 201300251 (2013). 44. Arumugam, S. et al. Charge transport in a two-dimensional molecular organic semiconductor. 1039/c3tc31670j (2014). 45. Morfa, A. , Nardes, A. , Shaheen, S. , Kopidakis, N. & van de Lagemaat, J. Timeof-Flight Studies of Electron-Collection Kinetics in Polymer:Fullerene Bulk-Heterojunction Solar Cells. 201100432 (2011). 46. , Neugebauer, H. & Sariciftci, N. S. Charge Carrier Lifetime and Recombination in Bulk Heterojunction Solar Cells.
Facchetti Fig. 8 a Carrier lifetimes as a function of average charge density for four different BHJ devices, b The corresponding bimolecular recombination rate constant ( krec) as a function of carrier density, n. The inset shows the bimolecular recombination process It is often useful to obtain a direct relationship between carrier density and carrier lifetime. For this purpose, transient photovoltage measurement is often used in combination with charge extraction measurements. In 2008, Shuttle et al.