Elijah in Upper Egypt: The Apocalypse of Elijah and Early by David Frankfurter

By David Frankfurter

This crucial contribution to our wisdom of Egyptian Christianity within the overdue 3rd century contains dialogue of —the Apocalypse of Elijah as spiritual literature;—the Egyptian provenance of the document;—its social and historic context;—a entire translation.“Frankfurter’s research of The Apocalypse of Elijah is a close and artistic piece of labor. His mastery of literary concept and the social-scientific technique is obvious all through, and the union of the 2 tools during this paintings is impressive.” —James E. Goehring, Mary Washington College“This publication is a outstanding piece of labor. Frankfurter makes a resounding case for using local Egyptian prophetic traditions within the Apocalypse of Elijah.” —Birger A. Pearson, college of California, Santa Barbara>

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Rollin Kearns, Das Traditionsgefiige urn den Menschensohn (Tubingen: M o h r [Siebeck), 1986). 38. , 9 6 - 1 0 0 . 39. , 9 8 - 9 9 . 40. S e e remarks by John Collins in his review of Kearns, in /BL 107 (1988):538. 41. Cf. Schwartz, "Les palmyreniens," 76. W a b a l l a t h ' s appearance on coins with Aurelian in 2 7 0 showed not his coimperial pretensions but Zenobia's arrogating of his father's title, Corrector Orientis, for her son. T h e r e is e v i d e n c e that Zenobia conciliated certain Greco-Egyptian sentiments (and devoted considerable propaganda to e n h a n c e this effect by appearing as a new Cleopatra; cf.

2 1 2 - 1 7 . 28. , 2 2 2 - 2 5 . 29. A t h i r d - c e n t u r y p s e u d o n y m o u s a u t h o r w h o " p r e d i c t e d " Z e n o b i a ( w h o p r e s e n t e d herself as the n e w Cleopatra) as a savior-king would have had a considerable " e s c h a t o l o g i c a l w o m a n ' tradition f r o m w h i c h to d r a w a p p r o p r i a t e s y m b o l s (cf. Sib. Or. 3 . 7 5 - 8 2 , 3 5 6 - 6 2 ; 8 . 7 5 - 8 0 , 1 9 4 - 2 1 2 ; V a l e n t i n N i k i p r o w e t z k y , La troisrtme Sibylle, Etudes 15 The Coptic Apocalypse of Elijah t h i s s e c t i o n , w h a t c e r t a i n i n d i c a t i o n s are t h e r e t h a t h i s t o r i c a l e v e n t s are p o r t r a y e d ex eventu—that t h e e n t i r e e p i s o d e is n o t a p r o p h e t i c f a n t a s y ?

Pace F r a n ? o i s e D u n a n d , " L ' O r a c l e d u P o t i e r et la f o r m a t i o n d e l ' a p o c a l y p t i q u e e n E g y p t e , " in L'Apocalyptique, ed. M . P h i l o n e n k o a n d M . S i m o n , E t u d e s d ' h i s t o i r e d e s religions 3 (Paris: P a u l G e u t h n e r , 1977), 56. E. a n d t h e r e f o r e h a v e p l a c e d t h e text's e x t a n t f o r m t o w a r d its later term i n u s : t h a t is, a r o u n d 2 6 0 - 2 9 5 . D e b a t e , as w e h a v e s e e n , h a s c o n c e r n e d t h e d a t i n g o f e a r l i e r Vorlagen.

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