Electric Vehicle Integration into Modern Power Networks by F. J. Soares, P. M. Rocha Almeida (auth.), Rodrigo
By F. J. Soares, P. M. Rocha Almeida (auth.), Rodrigo Garcia-Valle, João A. Peças Lopes (eds.)
Electric motor vehicle Integration into glossy energy Networks presents assurance of the demanding situations and possibilities posed by means of the revolutionary integration of electrical force autos. beginning with a radical review of the present electrical motor vehicle and battery cutting-edge, this paintings describes dynamic software program instruments to evaluate the affects as a result of the electrical automobiles deployment at the regular country and dynamic operation of electrical energy grids, identifies options to mitigate them and the prospect to aid at the same time large-scale integration of renewable power sources.
New company versions and keep an eye on administration architectures, in addition to the conversation infrastructure required to combine electrical automobiles as energetic call for are provided. eventually, regulatory problems with integrating electrical cars into sleek energy platforms are addressed.
Inspired by way of classes held less than the EES-UETP umbrella in 2010 and 2011, this contributed quantity involves 9 chapters written through major researchers and pros from the in addition to academia.
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Extra resources for Electric Vehicle Integration into Modern Power Networks
17. These increase costs and sizes with more sophisticated management systems. 3. Voltage Balancing: Although the intention of cell balancing is justifiably to equalize SOCs, for run-time implementation accurate SOC estimation and capacity determination are difficult. Consequently, many existing cell balancing systems are actually cell voltage balancing circuits. In other words, by comparing cell voltages, the balancing circuits try to equalize cell terminal voltages.
33 kWh (Tesla’s Roadstar). As an example calculation, a 200-l (50 gallons) battery pack with an energy density of 230 Wh/l can store 46 kWh of energy and travel 200 miles between charges. Another factor, power density, is important for acceleration and for the collection of regenerative energy from braking. The battery pack mentioned above, assuming a discharge power density of 460 W/l, can generate 92 kW (123 hp), which is acceptable for a typical passenger car. With the exception of specific energy and selling price, all of the USABC mid-term goals were reached by the first-generation of Ovonic Battery Company’s NiMH battery, which was installed on the EV-1.
Safer Li-ion batteries come at the cost of having significantly lower specific energy than unsafe ones do. Today, the balance between performance and safety remains a major challenge to the implementation of Li-ion technology in the propulsion application. 5 Development Trend of Battery Used in EV The Regone plot (specific energy vs. specific power) shown in Fig. 7 summarizes the current status and the future outlook of batteries in propulsion application. While the advantages of Li-ion over NiMH and lead–acid in both specific energy and power are obvious, the potential of super-capacitors in very high power applications cannot be overlooked.