Elastoplasticity Theory by Koichi Hashiguchi (auth.)
By Koichi Hashiguchi (auth.)
This booklet was once written to function the traditional textbook of elastoplasticity for college students, engineers and researchers within the box of utilized mechanics. the current moment variation is greater completely from the 1st version through deciding upon the normal theories from quite a few formulations and versions, that are required to review the necessities of elastoplasticity progressively and successfully and should stay universally within the heritage of elastoplasticity. It opens with an evidence of vector-tensor research and continuum mechanics as a origin to check elastoplasticity concept, extending over quite a few pressure and pressure tensors and their charges. in this case, constitutive equations of elastoplastic and viscoplastic deformations for monotonic, cyclic and non-proportional loading habit in a normal price and their purposes to metals and soils are defined intimately, and constitutive equations of friction habit among solids and its program to the prediction of stick-slip phenomena are delineated. additionally, the return-mapping set of rules, the constant tangent operators and the target time-integration set of rules of fee tensor are defined on the way to implement the FEM analyses. all of the derivation tactics and formulations of equations are defined intimately with no an abbreviation through the book.
The distinguishable positive aspects and value of this ebook is the excellent description of basic innovations and formulations together with the objectivity of tensor and constitutive equations, the target time-derivative of tensor features, the linked movement rule, the loading criterion, the continuity and smoothness stipulations and their gigantic actual interpretations as well as the huge periods of reversible/irreversible constitutive equations of solids and friction habit among solids.
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15 Differentiation and Integration in Tensor Field Scalar s, vector v, and tensor T are called the scalar field, the vector field, and the tensor field, respectively when they are functions of the position vector x. Their differentiation and integration in fields are shown below, in which the following operator, called the nabra or Hamilton operator, is often used. 259) noting Eq. 37). e. 261) has the meaning of ∇2 ( ) ≡ div(grad( )). 263) Δs = Δv = The following relations hold between the above-mentioned operators.
220) Whereas the deviatoric tensor T lies on the deviatoric (or π - or octhedral) plane (Fig. 221) T 2 = T cos θ − 3 π , ⎪ ⎪ ⎭ T 3 = T cos θ + 23 π T3 _ 0 _ T 1' T1 T '2 θ T' T2 _ ( −) T3' Fig. 4 Coordinate system in deviatoric plane (π -plane) 38 1 Tensor Analysis where θ is the angle measured from the T 1 axis to the deviatoric stress in the anti-clock wise direction in the π −plane. On the other hand, the deviatoric components T1 , T2 , T3 are the components on the orthogonal coordinates (T1 , T2 , T3 ) of the diviatoric tensor T (see Fig.
9. 186) Then, U is also the positive definite tensor. 187) and noting Eq. 188) Therefore, R is the orthogonal tensor. Furthermore, by the similar manner to Eqs. 190) noting Eq. 192) Consequently, an arbitrary non-singular tensor T can be decomposed into two forms in terms of the positive definite tensors U or V and the orthogonal tensor R. Here, based on Eqs. 5. 194) J=1 noting 3 V = RURT = R ∑ UJ uJ ⊗ uJ RT = J=1 3 3 J=1 J=1 ∑ UJ RuJ ⊗ RuJ = ∑ VJ vJ ⊗ vJ by virtue of Eq. 93). 192) is called the polar decomposition in similarity to the polar form Z = |Z| eiθ (i: imaginary unit, θ : phase angle) which expresses the complex number by the decomposition into the magnitude and the direction in the polar coordinate system.