Echocardiography Board Review: 400 Multiple Choice Questions by Ramdas Pai, Padmini Varadarajan

By Ramdas Pai, Padmini Varadarajan

Acquiring an echocardiogram is a fancy technique with a necessity for consistent enhancement and development of talents within the sector for either ultrasound technician and physician. Owing to the expanding complexity of the echocardiogram and its interpretation, upon which sufferer care seriously is predicated, quite a few expert our bodies were introducing competency exams.This distinct ebook has been designed to help new trainees in addition to more matured technicians and physicians in getting ready for competency assessments for certification reasons. It offers easy-to-use revision fabric within the type of multiple-choice questions with essentially defined answers.Unique method of echocardiography in a question and solution structure; the questions are predominantly case studiesFeatures four hundred questions with solutions and causes. The scope of the questions within the e-book is large, together with components equivalent to utilized ultrasound physics, haemodynamics, valvular difficulties, ischaemic middle affliction, congenital middle illnesses, intraoperative or surgical echocardiography, pericardial ailments and cardiac masses.Excellent for try preparationEasy to learn and understandComplements ordinary textbook readingWritten by way of skilled educational echocardiographers fascinated with instructing echocardiography each dayOver two hundred nonetheless photos improve the training technique

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Answer: B. Describes the relationship between different types of energies as potential (pressure), kinetic (flow) and viscous forces along a flow stream. Energy can be transformed from one form to the other, but cannot be destroyed or created. 68. Answer: A. Says that mass cannot be destroyed and hence flow rates at different locations in a flow stream are the same at a given point in time. 69. Answer: A. 70. Answer: A. 71. Answer: B. 72. Answer: B. Driving pressure influences the jet area independent of regurgitant volume as jet area is proportional to the kinetic energy imparted to the jet, which is proportional to the jet, volume and also the driving pressure.

In the absence of PS, this is the pressure in the proximal PA. 7 Â 4 ¼ 88 mmHg. Hence the PA systolic pressure distal to the band is 110 – 88 ¼ 22 mmHg. Though technically this patient has severe elevation of proximal PA pressure, the PA vascular perfusion pressure is normal, indicating the absence of pulmonary artery disease, making this patient a candidate for surgical closure of VSD. 119. Answer: A. 14 Â 1Â 1 Â 25 ¼ 78 cc. e. 5 L/min, equals cardiac output. 120. Answer: D. In a patient with serial stenosis in close proximity, the continuity equation cannot be applied because of difficulty in obtaining precise subvalvular velocity and crosssectional area of the flow in the LVOT.

For a given regurgitant volume all of the following result in a reduction in the jet size except: A. Fast heart rate B. Doubling the sector angle C. Increasing the imaging depth D. Increasing the blood pressure 104. In a patient with severe MR all of the following factors increase its hemodynamic impact except: A. Mitral stenosis B. Left ventricular hypertrophy C. Compliant left atrium D. Concomitant aortic regurgitation 105. In a patient undergoing aortic valve replacement (AVR) for aortic stenosis, there was evidence of moderate MR on a preoperative transthoracic echocardiogram.

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