Divine Word and Prophetic Word in Early Islam: A by William A. Graham

By William A. Graham

The sequence Religion and Society (RS) contributes to the exploration of religions as social structures - either in Western and non-Western societies; specifically, it examines religions of their differentiation from, and intersection with, different cultural platforms, corresponding to paintings, economic system, legislation and politics. Due realization is given to paradigmatic case or comparative reports that express a transparent theoretical orientation with the empirical and ancient information of faith and such features of faith as ritual, the spiritual mind's eye, structures of culture, iconography, or media. additionally, the formation of non secular groups, their development of id, and their relation to society and the broader public are key problems with this sequence.

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Extra info for Divine Word and Prophetic Word in Early Islam: A Reconsideration of the Sources, with Special Reference to the Divine Saying or Hadith Qudsi

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Muhammad was sent, after all, "as a mercy to all beings" (rahmatan li-l-'älamin: S. 21:107). , Muhammad] is not astray, nor does he err. Neither does he speak from caprice" (53:2-3); or: "Obey God and His Apostle" (8:20); or: "Verily, in the Apostle of God you have a good example" (3:21). If the Muslims accepted his "mission" (risälah), how could they help but ascribe to him the magical and spiritual qualities, the barakah, of the saint or holy man? Even in the face of the Arab tradition of the leader as primus inter pares, the chosen bearer of revelation was still a man set apart by his intimacy with the divine word.

If the Muslims accepted his "mission" (risälah), how could they help but ascribe to him the magical and spiritual qualities, the barakah, of the saint or holy man? Even in the face of the Arab tradition of the leader as primus inter pares, the chosen bearer of revelation was still a man set apart by his intimacy with the divine word. 31 The apparently contradictory evidence as to the relative importance of the Prophet's word and example vis-ä-vis the divine word in the time of Muhammad and the early days of Islam must be squarely confronted.

174). , op. ) to the basic Arabic word, so that it conveys the sense of the active presence or manifestation of the presence of God (cf. George A. F. Knight, "The Shekhinah in Jewish and Christian Thinking", p. 1). On the subject, see also: Goldziher, Abhandlungen, I, 177-204; Paret, Kommentar, p. 52 (to S. 2:248), and references there; M. Grünbaum, "Beiträge zur vergleichenden Mythologie aus der Hagada", p. 109. 14. Tilka as-sakinah tanazzalat bi-l-qur^än (Bukhäri, Tafsir S. 48, no. 2). , the act of reciting the particular ayah or Surah) that the man was engaged in on the occasion in question.

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