Development of Muslim Theology, Jurisprudence and by Duncan Black MacDonald
By Duncan Black MacDonald
Initially released: manhattan: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1903. xii, 386 pp. the best normal introductions to Islamic lawDespite its age this is often nonetheless the best normal introductions to Islamiclaw. It continues to be a typical paintings in scholarly bibliographies. Offeringboth a historical past and a serious research, this booklet is enriched through a 66-pageappendix containing whole translations of basic texts.** [C:\Users\Microsoft\Documents\Calibre Library]
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Extra info for Development of Muslim Theology, Jurisprudence and Constitutional Theory. (Semitic)
CONSTITUTIONAL DEVELOPMENT 24 Some admitted that a woman might be Khalifa, and others denied the need of any Khalifa at all the Muslim congregation could rule itself. Their re ligious views were of a similarly unyielding and an ; we have nothing now to do. be doubted that these men were the true representatives of the old Islam. They claimed for themselves the heir ship to Abu Bakr and Umar, and their claim was just. Islam had been secularized fratricidal ambition, strife, luxury, and sin worldly tique cast, but with that It cannot ; had destroyed the old bond of brotherhood.
These camps, or rather camp-cities, were scat tered over the conquered countries and were practi cally settlements of Muslims in partibus infidelium. The duty of these Muslims was to be soldiers only. They were fed and clothed by the state, and the money paid into the public treasury, consisting of plunder or rents of conquered lands (kharaj), or the head-tax on divided all (jizya), was regularly If a the other believers. non-Muslims among them and non-Muslim embraced Islam, then he no longer paid the head-tax, but the land which he had previously held was divided among his former co-religionists, and they became responsible to the state.
How 27 SHI ITES but the early this feeling arose we have already seen, extremes to which in time the idea was carried, the innumerable differing views that developed, the maze of conspiracies, tortuous and underground in their methods, some in good faith and some in bad, to which it gave rise, render the history of the Shi a the most difficult side of a knowledge of the Muslim Yet some attempt at it must be made. If East. there was ever a romance in history, it is the story of the founding of the Fatimid dynasty in Egypt if there was ever the survival of a petrifaction in history, ; the survival to the present day of the Assassins and the Druses if there was ever the persistence of an idea, it is in the present Shi ite government in Persia and in the faith in that Mahdi for whom the whole world of Islam still looks to appear and bring in the reign of justice and the truth upon the earth.