Death of the Liberal Class by Chris Hedges

By Chris Hedges

The liberal category performs an essential position in a democracy. It provides ethical legitimacy to the nation. It makes restricted varieties of dissent and incremental swap attainable. The liberal category posits itself because the moral sense of the state. It allows us, via its entice public virtues and the general public stable, to outline ourselves as a superb and noble humans. most significantly, on behalf of the ability elite the liberal category serves as bulwarks opposed to radical routine by way of supplying a security valve for well known frustrations and discontentment through discrediting those that speak of profound structural switch. as soon as this classification loses its social and political position then the fragile cloth of a democracy breaks down and the liberal classification, besides the values it espouses, turns into an item of ridicule and hatred. The door that has been opened to proto-fascists has been opened by means of a bankrupt liberalism

The dying of the Liberal Class examines the failure of the liberal classification to confront the increase of the company nation and the implications of a liberalism that has develop into profoundly bankrupted. Hedges argues there are 5 pillars of the liberal institution – the click, liberal non secular associations, hard work unions, universities and the Democratic Party— and that every of those associations, extra focused on prestige and privilege than justice and growth, offered out the elements they represented. In doing so, the liberal category has develop into beside the point to society at huge and eventually the company strength elite they as soon as served.

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B. Recherche), Bearbeitungsprogramme (Texten, Redigieren, Produzieren), Darstellungsprogramme (Moderieren, Gestalten, Präsentieren) sowie Prüfprogramme (Gegenlesen, Kontrollrecherche) (vgl. ). Die Orientierungshorizonte verweisen auf normative Vorgaben anderer Systeme, welche der Journalismus in seinen Operationen berücksichtigen muss. Über dieses Strukturelement werden die vielfältigen Abhängigkeits- und Beeinflussungsverhältnisse von Journalismus mit seiner Umwelt – und hier insbesondere mit dem sicherheitspolitischen System – gewissermaßen ‚von innen heraus‘ beschrieben.

Sigelman 1973: 138). Häufig sind es die Journalisten selbst, die sich für solche Medien entscheiden, die ihren persönlichen ideologischen Orientierungen nahestehen. : 140). Als Ausgleich entsteht ein Zugehörigkeitsgefühl, das zum Gruppenzusammenhalt beiträgt und solidaritätsstiftend wirkt. Dabei sind es vor allem die erfahrenen Redakteure, die als Informationsquellen und Rollenmodelle fungieren. B. die Aufdeckung des Watergate-Skandals) beziehen, unausgesprochene Konventionen für die journalistische Praxisausübung.

Hanitzsch 2004a: 51-55). Moderne Kriegsberichterstattung wird im Leistungssystem Journalismus in professionellen und organisierten Zusammenhängen produziert. Die Beobachtung dieses Produktionsprozesses erfordert drei soziologische Ebenen der Beschreibung: auf der Mikro-Ebene die journalistischen Akteure, auf der MesoEbene die journalistischen bzw. redaktionellen Strukturen und auf der MakroEbene die Orientierungshorizonte bzw. normativen Vorgaben anderer Systeme. 48 Thomas Hanitzsch Das in Abbildung 1 dargestellte Beschreibungsmodell für die Kriegsberichterstattung bildet eine Zusammenführung von systemtheoretischen Konzepten und den Akteur-Struktur-Dynamiken von Uwe Schimank (2000b: 243-246).

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