Constituting Equality: Gender Equality and Comparative by Susan H. Williams

By Susan H. Williams

Constituting Equality addresses the query, how may you write a structure for those who relatively cared approximately gender equality? The ebook takes a design-oriented method of the huge diversity of concerns that come up in constitutional drafting bearing on gender equality. each one component to the e-book examines a specific set of constitutional concerns or doctrines throughout a number of diversified international locations to discover what works, the place, and why. themes comprise (1) governmental constitution (particularly electoral gender quotas); (2) rights provisions; (3) constitutional popularity for cultural or spiritual practices that discriminate opposed to girls; (4) household incorporation of overseas legislation; and (5) the function of ladies within the technique of constitution-making. Interdisciplinary in orientation and international in scope, the publication offers a menu for constitutional designers and others attracted to how the elemental felony order may perhaps extra successfully advertise gender equality.

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7 (2007) Party quotas PR 20. 7 (2008) Legal quotas PR 21. 5 (2005) Legal quotas PR 22. 4 (2005) Legal quotas Major 23. g. each party nominates only one candidate. Key to quota types: Legal or legislated quotas are written into the constitutions and/or the electoral law. Party quotas are voluntary measures adopted by individual political parties. org; official statistics: election day figures. 32 Drude Dahlerup and Lenita Freidenvall quota system that is vague or that does not match the electoral system in place may end up having no effect.

As seen in Table 2, various regions prefer different gender quota systems. There are at least two reasons for this. First, different types of gender quotas are chosen to match different electoral systems, but also to correspond to the prevailing national discourse about representation and democracy. 9 D. Gender Neutral? Gender quotas may be designed to require a minimum level of representation for women or may state a maximum-minimum level of representation for both sexes, for instance, no more than 60 percent and no less than 40 percent 7 8 9 Richard Matland & Donley T.

Williams Constitutions around the world fall along a continuum of approaches to the relationship between the constitution and international law. 14 One step away from this pole of the continuum would be a system in which international law is directly enforceable, but subordinate to some or all sources of domestic law. 16 The issues raised by this area of constitutional law can be seen through a series of different lenses. First, there are the practical issues: what are the real world consequences of requiring or allowing the use of international legal norms in the interpretation of domestic constitutions?

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