Collected papers on mathematics, logic, and philosophy by Gottlob Frege

By Gottlob Frege

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Nonetheless, the individual person remains but a vanishing moment in the history of the race, and this is true not only in primitive paganism but in modern paganism as well. It was especially the German philosopher Hegel who in the modern age accentuated the state as higher than individuals (which must be regarded as a step backward for Christianity), and thus it is particularly against him that Johannes de Silentio, as well as others of Kierkegaard's pseudonyms, direct their criticism. But Poul M.

4 A big and decisive step forward takes place when the individual progresses so far that the psychic nature can balance the physical or sensate5 nature, as it is also called, in this way creating a harmony or a synthesis between these two elements. Historically, this development attained its full scope in ancient Greece. There the ideal—and this was true for both man and woman—was the beautiful individuality. "6 Consequently, beauty was the common ideal, and yet there was already here an intimation of a specific difference between the masculine and the feminine.

The reason Johannes de Silentio now gives so many examples of only the demonic paradox in modern history of Christendom may be that he has discovered that there are no outstanding examples in this period of what he calls the divine paradox—that is, of the Christian faith in the eminent sense—but that on the contrary there are many examples of the opposite, the demonic paradox. That this is the case is apparent in Johannes de Silentio's sceptical attitude to the Christianity represented by the church to which he belongs.

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