Biological Monitoring in Water Pollution by John Cairns

By John Cairns

Publication by way of Cairns, John

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Range when a r r a y of s p e c i e s is s e l e c t e d , t h e a p p l i c a t i o n r e s u l t s m a y b e difficult base an to field Communities 1. r e d u c t i o n s in o x y g e n levels m a y o c c u r through b i o t i c o r a b i o t i c o x i d a t i o n s of r e d u c e d c o m p o u n d s ; 2. t h e c h e m i c a l o r its b r e a k d o w n p r o d u c t m a y b e toxic; 3. t e m p e r a t u r e shocks and fluctuations may be h a r m f u l in t h a t t h e y affect c r i t i c a l p h y s i o l o g i c a l p r o cesses ; 4.

T h e flexibility a n d p o w e r t h i o d a n w a s n o t e d f o r 114 m i n u t e s o f e x p o s u r e . It of micro- a n d m i n i - c o m p u t e r - b a s e d systems such as w a s a l s o n o t e d t h a t s i m i l a r fish t e s t a l a r m d e v i c e s i n ­ these a p p e a r t o offer t h e best p o t e n t i a l for integra­ d i c a t e d p o s s i b l e t o x i c i t y in t h e w a t e r o f t h e Main tion of biological m o n i t o r i n g systems with physical- R i v e r ( G e r m a n y ) s e v e r a l d a y s p r i o r t o a l a r g e fish kill c h e m i c a l d a t a for c o n t r o l o f w a s t e w a t e r d i s c h a r g e s (Cairns & Gruber, (Scharf, 1979).

F o r e x a m p l e , n a t u r a l l y c l e a n w a t e r s a m p l e s ( A P H A , 1976). g. C a m o u g i s , 1 9 6 0 ; terial c o m p o n e n t s , only net o x y g e n c o n s u m p t i o n o r H e u s n e r & E n r i g h t , 1 9 6 6 ; K a p o o r , 1 9 7 1 ; M a k i et evolution c a n b e m e a s u r e d unless a light a n d d a r k 1 9 7 3 ; C a i r n s et ai, 1970). ai, b o t t l e m e t h o d is e m p l o y e d t o s e p a r a t e p h o t o s y n t h e t i c 133 Biological m o n i t o r i n g — P a r t IIA o x y g e n e v o l u t i o n f r o m r e s p i r a t i o n .

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