Benefits of Investing in Water and Sanitation: An OECD by OECD

By OECD

The availability of water offer, sanitation and wastewater companies generates mammoth merits for public health and wellbeing, the financial system and the surroundings. Benefit-to-cost ratios will be as excessive as 7 to at least one for simple water and sanitation companies in constructing nations. Wastewater remedy interventions, for instance, generate major advantages for public future health, the surroundings and for yes fiscal sectors similar to fisheries, tourism and estate markets. the complete importance of the advantages of water providers is seldom thought of for a couple of purposes, together with the trouble in quantifying vital non-economic advantages reminiscent of non-use values, dignity, social prestige, cleanliness and total healthiness. additionally, information regarding some great benefits of water providers is generally hidden within the technical literature, the place it is still invisible to key decision-makers in ministries. This file attracts jointly and summarises present info at the merits of water and sanitation.

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BENEFITS OF INVESTING IN WATER AND SANITATION: AN OECD PERSPECTIVE – © OECD 2011 52 – 2. 3 Non-health benefits Non-health benefits include both economic benefits (such as time saving or productivity increases) and additional social benefits such as enhanced dignity and well-being. Although the latter are more difficult to quantify given that they are more intangible and qualitative in nature, they would often act as powerful determinants of the demand for services, over and above the potential health benefits that can be extracted (Hutton and Haller, 2004).

PROVIDING ACCESS TO SERVICES – 51 Different service levels may have varying benefits (and costs). , 2007). e. that an increased quantity of water available at household level leads to a substantial decrease of water and sanitation related diseases, mostly by contributing to hygiene behaviour change. Whether the different types of latrines might confer different health benefits is less clear. Some simple latrines can be very effective, whilst sewage captured via sewers and released untreated in the environment can spread pathogens and be the source of disease.

3. Although the main focus is usually placed on providing access to water and sanitation services (as reflected in the Millennium Development Goals, for example), that figure shows that additional investments need to take place up-stream and down-stream of providing access in order to ensure sustainable services. BENEFITS OF INVESTING IN WATER AND SANITATION: AN OECD PERSPECTIVE – © OECD 2011 30 – 1. 1. 1 below. Water reaches the earth’s surface as precipitation in the form of rain or snow. Some of the precipitation runs off to enter streams quickly as storm flow.

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