Attention by Harold Pashler (Editor)
By Harold Pashler (Editor)
This choice of essays, meant as a textual content for college students, examines different aspects of study into recognition. The publication is split into sections: one bargains with mental study into such components as visible seek, dual-task interference and attentional bottleneck; the opposite bargains with ways to neural-network modelling and the consequences of mind harm on awareness.
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Extra resources for Attention
Kinchla, 1974; Ratcliff, 1978; Ward & McClelland, 1989; and see Palmer & McLean, 1995, for a model employing unlimited-capacity processes). A model of this sort (loosely borrowed from Ratcliff, 1978) might look like Fig. 4. The idea of a limited-capacity parallel model is that all items in the display are processed at once. Evidence accumulates at each location for the presence of a target or non-target item. Search terminates when one item crosses the "yes" threshold or when all items cross the "no" threshold.
In recent decades, researchers have begun making direct measurements of neural activity in visual areas of macaque monkeys trained to attend to certain stimuli and ignore others (Moran & Desimone, 1985). Other researchers record tiny changes in electrical potentials on the scalps of human beings, comparing neural responses to attended and unattended stimuli (so-called event related potentials or ERPs). Results from both ERPs and single-unit recordings show that the neural activity in brain areas involved in perceptual analysis is often substantially greater for attended stimuli compared to unattended stimuli.
London: S. Sonnenschein & Co. Ltd. New York: Macmillan. I. (1978). Chronometric explorations of mind. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Inc. Prinzmetal, W. (1996). Phenomenology of attention. Paper presented at the Western Attention Conference, Claremont Graduate Center, USA. , & Guttman, D. (1981). The effect of inattention on form perception. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 7, 275-285. M. T. (1972). Visual processing capacity and attentional control.