A Theory of Immediate Awareness: Self-Organization and by Myrna Estep (auth.)

By Myrna Estep (auth.)

This ebook is multi- and interdisciplinary in either scope and content material. It attracts upon philosophy, the neurosciences, psychology, desktop technological know-how, and engineering in efforts to solve primary concerns concerning the nature of rapid expertise. nearly the 1st half the e-book is addressed to ancient ways to the query even if there's any such factor as rapid knowledge, and if that is so, what it'd be. This comprises reviewing arguments that a method or one other were provided as solutions to the query or methods of keeping off it. it is usually distinct discussions of a few advanced questions on the half instant knowledge performs in our over-all usual intelligence. the second one 1/2 the booklet addresses problematic and complicated concerns concerned with the computability of instant wisdom because it is located in easy, usual issues people know the way to do, as weIl as in a few hugely outstanding issues a few know the way to do. over the last 2,500 years, human tradition has came across, created, and equipped very strong instruments for spotting, classifying, and using styles present in the wildlife. the main strong of these instruments is arithmetic, the language of nature. The usual phenomenon of human understanding, of normal intelligence often, is a really richly textured set of styles which are hugely complicated, dynamic, self-organizing, and adaptive.

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Additional info for A Theory of Immediate Awareness: Self-Organization and Adaptation in Natural Intelligence

Sample text

Lack the ability to recognize situations in which what they 24 The Problem of Immediate Awareness have leamed is inappropriate ... ,,39 Supervised and reinforcement leaming as presently construed cannot provide this; they cannot lead to a system which behaves appropriately in unique situations with unique objects because there are no such objects for these systems. To understand the differences and relations between natural and artificial intelligence, what is needed, I argue, is a theoretical focus upon immediate awareness, knowing the unique.

It points to knowing how exhibited in the manner of a performance. That mann er may be observed by someone who does not know how to swim, allowing the observer to decide whether or not the person swimming knows how. But manner of a performance is also indicative of yet another kind of knowing found within knowing how. It is an indicator, index, or sign of the immediate awareness in the actual doing of a performance. The 16 The Problem oi Immediate Awareness manner of a doing, meeting certain conditions, is a signature of knowing how.

Our knowing extends beyond knowledge represented within symbolic language structures and relations. It extends to knowing sui generis objects present in sign relations. One way we exhibit or manifest knowing the unique is by indexical acts within those sign relations, especially by our sensory and somatosensory cum motor relations found in knowing how. 9. The Basic Computational Idea and Argument Artificial Intelligence research efforts have been misdirected to the extent that they have solely focused upon our capacity for classification, forming generalizations, and for operating with classes and their instances.

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