A Profusion of Spires: Religion in Nineteenth-Century by John Webster Grant

By John Webster Grant

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A Mended and Broken Heart: The Life and Love of Francis of Assisi

A few reflections:

(1) That Francis was once a fine looking guy, as instructed by way of the author,was not often the case. we now have modern photographs of Francis exhibiting in a different way in addition to descriptions of his contemporaries comparable to Thomas of Celano;

(2) That Francis used to be a womanizer, back urged by means of the writer, is uncertain. there isn't any facts in any respect of this. In thirteenth Century Assisi, one of these small city, it should were prohibitied until the writer is suggesting Francis visited homes of prostitution. there is not any list of this in any respect. the writer is placing her twenty first Century inklings into the thirteenth Century;

(3) there is not any indication in any respect that Francis had any romantic feelings
toward Claire of Assisi. historical past is totally silent in this factor. the writer is correct referring to Francis' and his love of Arthurian legends.
As an issue of background, the belief of chivalric love prohibited sexual touch. woman Poverty used to be simply that - a component of his mystical existence. And certainly the age distinction is suspect - Francis was once virtually 30 whilst he switched over to the magical lifestyles - Claire turning 14 - 15;

(4) convinced, Francis did visit warfare. the writer says he was once a "warrior. "
Such a be aware indicates a life-style that can rarely painting the Francis of Assisi of historic list. convinced, he went to conflict yet we don't have any inspiration of what he did. He may have killed or he might have been nursing the wounded in his first conflict. we do not recognize. We do understand he was once attempting to satisfy his father's aspirations while he armored as much as cross at the Cursades. This enterprise, we all know, was once interrupted via a paranormal occasion for Francis. He became again and have become a knight of his Lord - the magical Christ who ultimately spoke to him at Daniano. used to be he then a "failed knight? " as advised via the writer. Francis concept differently. the matter the following seems to be the author's loss of non secular intuition which might make such occasions incomprehensible. If whatever should be acknowledged approximately Francis at this juncture is that he didn't dwell as much as his father's needs - a failed son instead of a failed knight. the connection among Francis and his father is a gold mine that merits mental scrutiny - to make sure a Freudian might come to another end than a Jungian.

(5)The writer contends that he created friendship with the Muslims. hugely exagerated. Francis was once a medieval guy and probably concept as so much medieval Christians the assumption of the hugely influential Saint Bernard of Clairvaux, the 1st preacher of the Crusades a century past. Bernard acknowledged "to kill a Muslim isn't to devote homocide. " Francis faced the Sultan throughout the Crusades. at the moment he justified the killing going as being valuable till the Muslims approved the Gospel of Jesus Christ. On his go back from the Crusades he not just didn't pontificate opposed to the Crusades yet his Order, the Franciscans, have been ordered through the Pope to evangelise the Crusades. during this means, they went from city to city to elevate males, cash and fabric for the Crusades. Had it now not been for the Franciscans the Crusades couldn't have occurred in that century. No objections from the founder here;

There are many solid books on Saint Francis. this isn't one among them. the writer lacks the spirit of the age, the non secular intuition which could understand what the actors are facing. i'm sorry to claim this isn't solid historical past. it really is sloppy heritage reflecting the sentiments of the current into the earlier. Of the potential 5 stars I remove 3 for wish of historical past yet provide it one celebrity for the canopy and one celebrity for the paper it's written on. Why punish the blameless no matter if inanimate?

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The Irish of Kingston, he complained, were more concerned to make money than to work for their salvation, and days of abstinence, fasts, and feasts of obligation seemed foreign to them. ' To a considerable extent these negative judgments reflected expectations shaped in Quebec. In general, the Irish were fervently attached to their church but unaccustomed to a strict application of its rules. The French of the Detroit area knew the rules, but long association with the fur trade had made them impatient of restraint.

Among the missionaries none commanded more admiration or aroused more suspicion than Jean de Brebeuf, who was the Jesuits' most accomplished linguist and most effective debater. In time, despite setbacks, the Jesuits secured a nucleus of followers, especially in the village of Ossernenon, where they had been longest established. During the 16405, as Iroquois attacks began to threaten the existence of the confederacy, an increasing number of Hurons turned to the Jesuits for leadership. According to the Jesuit Relation of 1648-9, more than 2,700 had been baptized in the previous thirteen months.

Iroquois attacks, inspired by an ancient grudge and by a desire to share in the profits of the fur trade, soon wiped out the earliest Christianity of Ontario. After several Huron defeats the Jesuits suffered their first loss of life in 1648 when Antoine Daniel was killed by a volley of arrows in his church in the outlying village of Saint Joseph. 20 By 1650 Huronia no longer existed, and its former inhabitants were starving refugees on nearby Christian Island. Within a short time the Petuns and Neutrals suffered similar fates, and the Algonquins fared little better.

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