A People and a Nation: Volume I to 1877 by Mary Beth Norton, Jane Kamensky, Carol Sheriff, David W.
By Mary Beth Norton, Jane Kamensky, Carol Sheriff, David W. Blight, Howard Chudacoff
A humans and a kingdom bargains a lively narrative that demanding situations scholars to contemplate American historical past. The authors' recognition to race and racial identification and their inclusion of daily humans and pop culture brings heritage to existence, enticing scholar readers and inspiring them to visualize what existence was once rather like long ago. The 8th version deals hugely readable tales and the newest scholarship all through.
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Additional resources for A People and a Nation: Volume I to 1877
At the base of such hierarchies were people held in various forms of bondage. Although Europeans were not subjected to perpetual slavery, Christian doctrine permitted the enslavement of “heathens” (non-Christians), and some Europeans’ freedom was restricted by such conditions as serfdom, which tied them to the land if not to speciﬁc owners. 3). Most Europeans, like most Africans and Americans, lived in small villages. Only a few cities dotted the landscape, most of them seaports or po|||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||| litical capitals.
In the Mediterranean Atlantic, a mariner would head northwest into the open ocean, until—weeks later—he reached the winds that would carry him home, the socalled Westerlies. Those winds blow (we now know, although the seafarers at ﬁrst did not) northward along the coast of North America before heading east toward Europe. This solution must at ﬁrst have seemed to defy common sense, but it became the key to successful exploration of both the Atlantic and the Paciﬁc Oceans. Once a sailor understood the winds and their allied currents, he no longer feared leaving Europe without being able to return.
Long before that, Portugal reaped the beneﬁts of its seafarers’ voyages. Although West African states successfully resisted European penetration of the interior, they allowed the Portuguese to establish trading posts along their coasts. Charging the traders rent and levying duties on goods they imported, the African kingdoms beneﬁted considerably from their new, easier access to European manufactures. The Portuguese gained, too, for they no longer had to rely on trans-Saharan camel caravans. Their vessels earned immense proﬁts by swiftly transporting African gold, ivory, and slaves to Europe.