A History of Twelfth-Century Western Philosophy by Peter Dronke
By Peter Dronke
This is often the 1st finished learn of the philosophical achievements of twelfth-century Western Europe. it's the collaboration of fifteen students whose specified survey makes obtainable the highbrow preoccupations of the interval, with all texts mentioned in English translation all through. After a dialogue of the cultural context of twelfth-century hypothesis, and a few of the most streams of inspiration - Platonic, Stoic, and Arabic - that quickened it, comes a characterisation of the hot difficulties and views of the interval, in medical inquiry, speculative grammar, and good judgment. this is often by way of a more in-depth exam of the designated good points of a few of the main leading edge thinkers of the time, from Anselm and Abelard to the varsity of Chartres. a last part exhibits the effect of newly recovered works of Aristotle within the twelfth-century West.
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Additional resources for A History of Twelfth-Century Western Philosophy
64 Without reading his poem as a humanist manifesto, we may see in it clear evidence that for this anonymous writer the world view of the ancient auctores as renewed and developed by the cosmologists was the appropriate setting for serious intellectual activity. If the philosophical issues that engaged them were still very much sub judice, it is clear that the orientation and values of the cosmologists were contributing to the formation of a new literary culture. It is clear as well that the Metamorphosis Golye is not an isolated example, for during the middle years of the century, the very time when their philosophical authority is declining, the influence of the cosmologists is plain and decisive in many areas of thought.
136-9. P L 180, 333-40. Taylor 1961, pp. 12-14. Didascalicon in 4, p. 54; but sec also in 14. pp. 64-6, and Baron 1957, pp. 93-6. Ibid, in 4, p. 54. 40 Background introduced by the cosmologists were to remain alive in scholastic debate, and the Timaeus would continue to provide the basic model of the universe, 61 but already in the middle years of the century there was a growing awareness of a view of the natural order far more detailed and coherent than that developed by William and Thierry. Even a thinker like Hermann of Carinthia, whose De essentiis is modelled in many respects on the Timaeus, and who extols Thierry as Plato reborn, is nonetheless fundamentally removed from the world of the cosmologists by his deep interest in the Arab version of Aristotelian physics and the larger astrological context in which it was placed by thinkers like Abu Ma'shar.
Southern: 'Humanism and the School of Chartres', in Medieval Humanism and Other Studies (Oxford 1970), pp. 61-85; 'The Schools of Paris and the School of Chartres', in Harvard 1982, pp. 113-37; Platonism, Scholastic Method, and the School of Chartres (Reading 1979). Responses to Southern are offered by Peter Dronke, 'New Approaches to the School of Chartres', Anuario de Estudios Medievales vi (1969) 117-40; Nikolaus Hiring, 'Chartres and Paris Revisited', in Essays in Honor of Anton Charles Pegis, ed.