A History of the Council of Trent, Volume I: The Struggle by Hubert Jedin

By Hubert Jedin

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A Mended and Broken Heart: The Life and Love of Francis of Assisi

A few reflections:

(1) That Francis used to be a fine looking guy, as advised by way of the author,was hardly ever the case. we have now modern photographs of Francis exhibiting in a different way besides descriptions of his contemporaries reminiscent of Thomas of Celano;

(2) That Francis was once a womanizer, back urged by way of the writer, is uncertain. there's no proof in any respect of this. In thirteenth Century Assisi, the sort of small city, it should were prohibitied until the writer is suggesting Francis visited homes of prostitution. there isn't any list of this in any respect. the writer is placing her twenty first Century inklings into the thirteenth Century;

(3) there's no indication in any respect that Francis had any romantic feelings
toward Claire of Assisi. background is totally silent in this factor. the writer is correct relating Francis' and his love of Arthurian legends.
As a question of historical past, the assumption of chivalric love prohibited sexual touch. woman Poverty used to be simply that - a component of his mystical existence. And certainly the age distinction is suspect - Francis was once virtually 30 whilst he switched over to the paranormal existence - Claire turning 14 - 15;

(4) definite, Francis did visit battle. the writer says he used to be a "warrior. "
Such a observe indicates a way of life which may hardly ever painting the Francis of Assisi of old checklist. definite, he went to conflict yet we haven't any concept of what he did. He may have killed or he might have been nursing the wounded in his first conflict. we do not recognize. We do be aware of he used to be attempting to satisfy his father's aspirations whilst he armored as much as move at the Cursades. This enterprise, we all know, used to be interrupted by means of a paranormal occasion for Francis. He grew to become again and have become a knight of his Lord - the magical Christ who ultimately spoke to him at Daniano. used to be he then a "failed knight? " as recommended by means of the writer. Francis idea in a different way. the matter the following seems to be the author's loss of spiritual intuition which might make such occasions incomprehensible. If something will be acknowledged approximately Francis at this juncture is that he didn't dwell as much as his father's needs - a failed son instead of a failed knight. the connection among Francis and his father is a gold mine that merits mental scrutiny - to ensure a Freudian might come to another end than a Jungian.

(5)The writer contends that he created friendship with the Muslims. hugely exagerated. Francis was once a medieval guy and probably proposal as so much medieval Christians the idea of the hugely influential Saint Bernard of Clairvaux, the 1st preacher of the Crusades a century prior. Bernard acknowledged "to kill a Muslim isn't really to devote homocide. " Francis faced the Sultan through the Crusades. at the moment he justified the killing going as being important until eventually the Muslims authorized the Gospel of Jesus Christ. On his go back from the Crusades he not just didn't hold forth opposed to the Crusades yet his Order, the Franciscans, have been ordered by means of the Pope to evangelise the Crusades. during this ability, they went from city to city to elevate males, funds and fabric for the Crusades. Had it no longer been for the Franciscans the Crusades couldn't have occurred in that century. No objections from the founder here;

There are many stable books on Saint Francis. this isn't one in all them. the writer lacks the spirit of the age, the spiritual intuition which may understand what the actors are facing. i'm sorry to assert this isn't solid background. it truly is sloppy historical past reflecting the sentiments of the current into the prior. Of the prospective 5 stars I remove 3 for wish of heritage yet supply it one megastar for the canopy and one superstar for the paper it's written on. Why punish the blameless no matter if inanimate?

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Extra resources for A History of the Council of Trent, Volume I: The Struggle for the Council

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The road thus opened it is now our business to tread. 1 The claim is undoubtedly an exaggera­ tion. What is certain is that both the strict conciliar theory and its moderate episcopalist version continued to find exponents, and that the threat of the Council and the appeal to it were widely used as a means of bringing pressure to bear on the Popes. I-Iowever, the real inner force of the idea of the Council lies neither in the conciliar theory nor in its misuse by the diplomatists, but in the widespread longing for a great Council invested with the requisite authority for carrying out a reform.

1 34-44, though neither is quite satisfying. There is no up-to-date survey of the controversial literature; Voigt, Enea Silvio Piccolomini, VOL. 1, pp . 1 89 ff. , is obsolete; B. Ziliotto has published the Dialogus de papali potestate by the Minorite Lodovico da Cividale, in Memorie storiche forogiuliese, XXXIII ( 1 93 8), pp. 1 5 1 -9 1 . 25 THE COUNCIL OF TRENT already counterbalances that of its opponents. 1 Here also voices must be weighed, not merely counted. Abandon­ ment of the conciliar theory was indeed fostered by the flow of benefices that could be expected from Eugenius IV ; but it must be admitted that the opinions of not a few divines who wrote in support of the papal primacy lacked firmness, and many continued to make far­ reaching concessions to the conciliar theory.

Adrian VI; see also below, p. 6 5 , n. 3 · 4 Expositio canonis missae (Venice 1 505) lect. 23 , fols. 43 r-46"; cf. I-Ialler, Die Anfiinge der Unive1·sitiit Tiibingen, VOL. I (Stuttgart 1 927), pp. 1 5 3 -72; VOL. , 1 929) , pp. ), Nos. 43 3 2-6; Panzer, Annales typographici (Nuremberg 1 793 - I 8o3), VOL. x, p. 1 73 (up to I 527 there were eleven editions). (I , 786) 37 THE COUN C I L OF TRENT exclusively based o n the pre-en1inence-praelatio-bestowed o n him, it is also founded on his virtues.

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