A Companion to Bernard of Clairvaux (Brill's Companions to by Edited by Brian Patrick McGuire

By Edited by Brian Patrick McGuire

Bernard of Clairvaux is likely to be the main debatable determine of Western Europe's vivid 12th century. in contrast to Abelard, who's obvious as a proponent of contemporary considering, Bernard is frequently relegated to the darkest nook of the center a while. not anything is straightforward with Bernard, yet those clean reviews of him and their experiences of contemporary scholarship let the reader to make a extra balanced evaluate of the guy, his writings, and his impression on his interval. Bernard emerges as a multifaceted determine who sought to reform monasticism and ended up turning into a saint with an entice nearly all sessions in medieval society. Bernard lives on this day with the lay and monastic students who proceed to discover new layers of that means in his writings. members contain Christopher Holdsworth, Michael Casey, James France, Diane Reilly, John Sommerfeldt, Mette B. Bruun, Burcht Pranger, Chrysogonus Waddell, E. Rozanne Elder, and Brian Patrick McGuire.

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Extra info for A Companion to Bernard of Clairvaux (Brill's Companions to the Christian Tradition)

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Thus saints grow and develop in art and life as people make use of them, so that by the end of the Middle Ages most of the images of Saint Bernard come not from monastic but from lay environments. France reveals aspects of Bernard’s tradition that can be surprising, such as the fact that the first known statue of him is on Freiburg Cathedral and as late as about 1280. Equally surprising is the fact that it was the Templar’s church in Majorca which contained the earliest representation of the lactation.

Bernard of Clairvaux’s Apologia and the Medieval Attitude Towards Art (Philadelphia, 1990). Also Diane Reilly’s article in this volume. 88 SBO 3, pp. 81–108, esp. 6): “Non ergo dividatur, sed totam et integram hereditario iure sortiatur Ecclesia . ” Trans. Michael Casey, Cistercians and Cluniacs: St Bernard’s Apologia to Abbot William, in The Works of Bernard of Clairvaux 1. Treatises 1 (Shannon, Ireland, 1970), p. 41. 89 SBO 3, p. 19), trans. p. 54. 31, SBO 3, p. 107, trans. pp. 68–69. 91 At the same time, however, it shows the young abbot already at the peak of his capacity as a writer who could use every literary device and human emotion in order to plead, cajole, flatter, threaten, and overwhelm his correspondent.

Casey sees the growth of these themes, not at all found in the earliest writings about Bernard, as unfortunate. The lactation especially, where Mary squeezes milk from her breast to a kneeling Bernard, has little to do with 12th-century Cistercian spirituality. But as James France so convincingly shows, such images and the stories behind them manifest the growth of a Bernardine tradition and new understandings and uses of the saint. Thus saints grow and develop in art and life as people make use of them, so that by the end of the Middle Ages most of the images of Saint Bernard come not from monastic but from lay environments.

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