A Commentary on the Creed of Islam by Mas'ud ibn Umar Taftazani

By Mas'ud ibn Umar Taftazani

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This the Maturidite position is which followed the teaching of Abu Hanifa. 29 The Ash'arites held that actions occurred according to Allah's will and did not make the distinction that the good ones were by his good pleasure while the bad were not. Al-Taftazani, although he emphasizes the fact that many actions which we deem vile sometimes have in them wise and beneficial matters, does not dissent from the He principle enunciated by al-Nasafl. " 80 In this he takes his stand with the Maturidites.

The senses are five, namely, hearing, seeing, smelling, and touch, and by each of it was appointed. these senses one is informed concerning that which True it is narrative ceivable that they sary is of two kinds: one of them is the mutawatlr narrative, the narrative established by the tongues of people of would agree together on a knowledge such distant countries. as the The by an evidentiary miracle, and knowledge established by sity in certainty Then and it it is Illumination in past times and of the narrative of the Messenger aided resembles the knowledge established by neces- in fixity.

Wcnsinck, edge. or something non-existing The Muslim Creed, pp. , for a discussion of the roots o knowl- CAUSES OF KNOWLEDGE 16 (d'tasawwurat) and of things asserted (d-ta$diqat), the be both certainties (al-yaqinlya) 2 and latter of which may non-certainties (ghayr al-yaqlniya) . view of the Sophists that knowledge is an atknowing subject by means of] which [he] makes an affirmajudgment of which the contradictory (al-naqid) cannot be admitted. This is in opposition to the tribute [of the tive This definition of theirs, although it includes the comprehension of the senses, provided only that the thing to be perceived senses; [24] and although it is not inaccessible to the also includes the things conceived [by Reason] provided only, as they claim, that the things to be conceived do not have it does not include the non-certainties of things asserted.

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